The bulk of the standard is concerned with ensuring that safety cases include all relevant considerations for deploying a fully autonomous vehicle (e.g., SAE Level 4). That means the standard does not tell anyone how to build a vehicle. Rather, it makes sure that safety has been considered in a comprehensive way during the design and test of the vehicle. As a simple example, it does not require the use of a certain number and type of cameras, lidars, and radars. Rather, it requires that the designer show that whatever sensors have been used provide a sufficient, robust ability to detect and classify all objects relevant to the system’s intended operational design domain. We further expect that a fast update cycle (less than a year, if need be) will permit the standard to evolve quickly as required to keep up with emerging technical challenges.

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